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CSS transforms and 3D transforms

CSS Transforms:

CSS transforms are a way to change the shape, size, or position of HTML elements without affecting the layout of the document. With CSS transforms, you can rotate, skew, scale, and translate elements in two dimensions.

The `transform` property is used to apply transforms to HTML elements. The value of the `transform` property is a list of one or more transform functions, separated by spaces. Each transform function specifies a particular transformation to apply to the element.

Here are some examples of CSS transforms:

1. Rotate an element: The `rotate()` function is used to rotate an element around its center. Positive values rotate the element clockwise, while negative values rotate it counterclockwise.

.rotate {
  transform: rotate(45deg);
}

2. Skew an element: The `skew()` function is used to skew an element along the x or y axis. Positive values skew the element to the right or bottom, while negative values skew it to the left or top.

.skew {
  transform: skew(30deg);
}

3. Scale an element: The `scale()` function is used to scale an element up or down. A value of 1 is the original size, while values greater than 1 make the element larger and values less than 1 make it smaller.

.scale {
  transform: scale(1.5);
}

4. Translate an element: The `translate()` function is used to move an element horizontally or vertically. Positive values move the element to the right or down, while negative values move it to the left or up.

.translate {
  transform: translate(50px, 50px);
}

CSS 3D Transforms:

CSS 3D transforms allow you to transform elements in three dimensions using CSS. You can rotate elements around the x, y, and z axes, as well as scale and translate them in 3D space.

The `transform` property is used to apply 3D transforms to HTML elements. The value of the `transform` property is a list of one or more transform functions, separated by spaces. Each transform function specifies a particular transformation to apply to the element in 3D space.

Here are some examples of CSS 3D transforms:

1. Rotate an element around the x-axis: The `rotateX()` function is used to rotate an element around the x-axis. Positive values rotate the element clockwise, while negative values rotate it counterclockwise.>

.rotateX {
  transform: rotateX(45deg);
}

2. Rotate an element around the y-axis: The `rotateY()` function is used to rotate an element around the y-axis. Positive values rotate the element clockwise, while negative values rotate it counterclockwise.

.rotateY {
  transform: rotateY(45deg);
}

3. Rotate an element around the z-axis: The `rotateZ()` function is used to rotate an element around the z-axis. Positive values rotate the element clockwise, while negative values rotate it counterclockwise.

.rotateZ {
  transform: rotateZ(45deg);
}

4. Scale an element in 3D space: The `scale3d()` function is used to scale an element in 3D space. The first value specifies the scale along the x-axis, the second value specifies the scale along the y-axis, and the third value specifies the scale along the z-axis.

.scale3d {
  transform: scale3d(2, 2
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