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Introduction to CSS

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a language used for styling and formatting the content of a webpage written in HTML or XML. It allows you to control how text, images, and other elements are displayed on the screen, as well as how they appear when printed.

In simple terms, CSS works by allowing you to define rules that apply to different parts of your webpage. These rules can specify things like font size and style, colors, margins, borders, and background images, among others. By defining these rules, you can create a consistent and visually appealing design for your website.

Here's an example of a basic CSS rule:

h1 {
  font-size: 32px;
  color: red;
}

In this rule, we're targeting all `h1` elements on the page and setting their font size to 32 pixels and their color to red. This rule would apply to all `h1` elements in the HTML code of the webpage.

Here's another example of a CSS rule that targets a specific HTML element with a class:

.my-class {
  background-color: blue;
  color: white;
  padding: 10px;
}

In this rule, we're targeting all elements in the HTML code with the class `my-class` and setting their background color to blue, their text color to white, and adding 10 pixels of padding around them.

Overall, CSS provides a powerful set of tools for web designers and developers to create visually appealing and user-friendly websites. By learning CSS, you can take your web development skills to the next level and create websites that stand out from the crowd.

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