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Creating Tables

HTML tables are used to present tabular data (rows and columns) in a structured and organized manner. Tables are created using the `<table>` element along with several other elements like `<tr>`, `<th>`, and `<td>` to define the table structure.

Here's a breakdown of the elements used to create an HTML table:

  1. `<table>`: Defines the table element. All other table-related elements should be placed inside this element.

  2. `<tr>` (Table Row): Represents a row in the table. Each row should be enclosed within a <tr> element.

  3. `<th>` (Table Header): Represents a header cell in the table. Header cells are used to label columns and are typically styled differently from data cells.

  4. `<td>` (Table Data): Represents a data cell in the table. These cells hold the actual data or content for each row and column.

In addition to these elements, you can also use `<thead>`, `<tbody>`, and `<tfoot>` to further structure and style your table.

Here's a simple example of an HTML table:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>HTML Table Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>HTML Table</h1>
    
    <table border="1">
        <tr>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Age</th>
            <th>City</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Alice</td>
            <td>30</td>
            <td>New York</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Bob</td>
            <td>25</td>
            <td>San Francisco</td>
        </tr>
    </table>
</body>
</html>

In this example, the table has three columns (Name, Age, and City) and two rows of data. The `<th>` elements are used for the column headers, and the `<td>` elements hold the data.

It's important to note that while HTML tables can be used to present data, they should not be used for page layout or design purposes. Instead, use modern CSS techniques like Flexbox or Grid for layout and design.

In the past, the `border`, `cellspacing`, and `cellpadding` attributes were used for styling tables. However, with modern HTML and CSS, it's recommended to use CSS for styling instead of these attributes.

Here's an example of a styled table using CSS:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Styled HTML Table Example</title>
    <style>
        table {
            border-collapse: collapse;
            width: 50%;
        }
        th, td {
            border: 1px solid black;
            padding: 8px;
            text-align: left;
        }
        th {
            background-color: #f2f2f2;
            font-weight: bold;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>Styled HTML Table</h1>
    
    <table>
        <tr>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Age</th>
            <th>City</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Alice</td>
            <td>30</td>
            <td>New York</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Bob</td>
            <td>25</td>
            <td>San Francisco</td>
        </tr>
    </table>
</
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